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Safeguarding the public and ensuring the well-being of players, officials — indeed, everyone involved in football — is of primary importance. The resultant suspension of all football activity in almost every country led to enormous financial distress for each member association MA and its respective football infrastructure.
A measured approach was adopted, with the aim of establishing an effective and meaningful plan capable of offering support to the whole football community across all MAs. Extensive analysis and consultations took place, along with careful consideration with regard to establishing an appropriate governance and operational structure for the plan. This work resulted in the implementation of the following three-stage approach:.
The most urgent priority established was the need for an instant injection of liquidity to assist MAs in the immediate short term. As a result, in April , the Development Committee and Finance Committee approved the immediate release of remaining and Forward 2.
The existing Forward 2. The third aspect of the relief plan was designed so as to provide MAs and confederations with additional financial support to help protect football from the adverse economic effects of COVID in their individual countries and regions. Since each MA and confederation has different needs, a grant-and-loan system was established to allow the tailored use of funds available under stage 3 of the relief plan.
Each MA will be given the opportunity to illustrate where the funds are used to ensure the continuous development of football in all its forms including futsal and beach soccer — from grassroots to elite level, for girls and boys, women and men — as well as to maintain their governance, management and administration systems. Under stage 3, a universal solidarity grant of USD 1 million was made available to each MA to protect football and enable its resumption, and an additional grant of USD 0.
In addition, each confederation was entitled to receive a grant of USD 2 million. Furthermore, in the interests of solidarity, loans of between USD 0. In addition, each confederation has access to a loan of up to USD 4 million. Both grants and loans can be distributed by MAs to the wider football community in their respective territories, including clubs, players, leagues, or others that have been affected.
The implementation of the COVID Relief Plan got off to a good start, a key feature being the provision of strong compliance and auditing standards. Every single member association and confederation that receives funding from FIFA will be audited twice: once by the auditors sent by FIFA under the current system of central reviews and once by its own statutory auditors. Under his leadership, this independent body follows and monitors the execution of the FIFA COVID Relief Plan, its economic administration, and its effective and efficient implementation all over the world.
To speed up the release of the loans, the FIFA administration provided support throughout the loan application process to ensure good financial governance and continuity across all beneficiaries. The subsequent use of the loans by MAs will also be fully audited during the annual central review.
In , FIFA tournaments, with the exception of its eFootball competitions, had to be postponed or cancelled due to the global pandemic. As a result, budgets were revised, based on the updated international match calendar. Further cost savings of USD 16 million were achieved thanks to successful negotiations with a new partner for the FIFA Club Protection Programme and the significant reduction in international matches.
These reductions were mainly the result of travel restrictions, lower on-site project activities and a marked shift towards the use of online courses and meetings. FIFA worked with the WHO to ensure that these funds were used to support the fight against the virus in all corners of the world. In other words, the target will be well surpassed by the end of Since Forward was launched in , the annual entitlements are now five times greater than they were under the previous programme.
In addition to the increase in development funds, Forward has strengthened their impact thanks to far stricter controls on how they are spent, with a view to ensuring that they are deployed for the development of football. In addition, expenses for communications, the online FIFA Congress and committee meetings, and buildings and maintenance were all well below budget. In , the FIFA Congress convened remotely for the first time ever, a successful initiative that proved FIFA could host videoconferences with a global scope and control event costs at the same time.
USD 41 million was invested in Marketing and TV Broadcasting to fulfil contractual obligations in relation to TV broadcasting rights, marketing rights and licensing rights as well as related sales commission, personnel expenses and depreciation of property and equipment.
This ratio shows that FIFA is in good financial health and can adequately meet its short-term obligations. Contract liabilities are naturally expected to be significantly lower at the end of the cycle. Savings bonds function differently from standard Treasuries, and they do not pay out the accumulated interest until you redeem the bond.
The main advantage of munis is that the returns they generate are exempt from federal taxes and, in some cases, from state and local taxes too. These are bonds issued by large companies, both domestic and foreign. They pay a wide range of interest rates depending on the creditworthiness of the borrower and maturity.
Longer-term bonds typically offer a higher yield than short-term bonds. Government-sponsored enterprises such as Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac offer a special type of bond called a mortgage-backed security , or MBS. These companies create bonds whose payments are derived from the mortgages that back them. So an MBS may have tens of thousands of homeowners supporting the payment of the bonds through their monthly home payment. Bonds issued by Fannie and Freddie are not guaranteed by the government, though bonds issued by government agency Ginnie Mae and by other firms qualified by Ginnie Mae are backed by the federal government.
Bonds offer benefits that make them a valuable counterpart to stocks in most investment portfolios. While stocks tend to offer higher returns, bonds offer other advantages:. These are a few of the most significant downsides to bonds, but the asset class has performed well in the U. While stocks usually come in one variety — the common stock — bonds from the same company can have many different terms, including the interest rate, the maturity and other items called covenants, which may limit how indebted the borrower can become or stipulate other conditions.
A bond quote incorporates some of these items as well as giving you the last traded price. A bond quote includes the name of the issuer, here Apple, as well as the coupon on the bond, 2. It includes the maturity date of the bond, August 5, The rating means that Apple is judged as having very good credit and that this bond is considered very safe.
A lower rating will cost the company more in interest payments than a higher rating, all else equal. If rates rise, then the value of your bonds falls. If rates fall, then the value of your bonds rises. But bond investors are also concerned with reinvestment risk, that is, will they be able to earn an attractive return when their bond matures?
So, bond investors are constantly trying to optimize the current income from their bond portfolio versus the income that they might be able to earn in the future. With this strategy, an investor buys bonds with staggered maturities say, bonds that mature in one year, two years, three years, four years, and five years. This strategy is useful when you want to minimize reinvestment risk without sacrificing too much return today.
This strategy allows the investor to capture the higher yields on long-term bonds while still maintaining some access to cash with a series of lower-yielding short-term bonds. However, long-dated bonds can fluctuate a lot if interest rates rise. In this strategy, the investor buys bonds over a period of time that mature at roughly the same time.
For example, if you know you have a big expense in five years, you can buy a five-year bond now, and then a four-year bond when you have more money next year. In three years, you can add a two-year bond.
In each case, the strategy should reflect your anticipated needs as well as your expectations about how the market and interest rates will perform over time. Whether bonds are a good investment depends on several factors, including your risk tolerance, time horizon and investment goals. Bonds tend to be less risky than stocks, but that means they generally come with lower average returns. That is especially true for U. Treasury bonds.
In other words, bonds have lower risk, which means less potential reward. Bonds also tend to be less volatile than stocks, which means they can help smooth the ride of a bumpy stock market. Stocks have outperformed bonds over time, but if dips in the stock market could cause you to sell your investments, bonds will help make those dips less pronounced on your portfolio overall.
Lastly, if you are nearing retirement, it is a good idea to have a significant bond position in your portfolio. This is because market cycles can last several years. Thus, if the stock market starts to decline and you are close to retirement, your stocks may not have time to recover. That could jeopardize your retirement date, forcing you to work more years than expected.
The common wisdom is to add more bonds to your portfolio as you inch closer to retirement. In doing so, you reduce your risk over time, locking in a comfortable, financially secure retirement. Bond yields can sometimes increase when stocks go down, but there is no rule saying that must be the case.
If this does happen, though, it is usually because the economy is slowing, thus increasing the attractiveness of safer investments like bonds. In addition, a slowing economy often leads to lower interest rates. When interest rates fall, older higher-rate bonds become more valuable. The inverse is also true: rising interest rates means lower-yielding bonds are less attractive, driving down their value.
Bonds with a longer maturity rate are more sensitive to interest rate changes. Keep in mind that bonds do not always go up when stocks go down, or vice versa. While bonds tend to be safer than stocks and other market-based investments, you can still lose money investing in them.
Here are some of the most common ways to lose money in a bond:. You may end up holding a low-yielding bond to maturity and not technically lose money, but you may lose a ton of purchasing power over time. Bonds can provide an attractive return without demanding that you take on the same level of risk as investing in stock.
Unlike a stock, where the company must thrive for the investment to be successful, a bond can be successful if the company or government merely survives. While bonds are relatively low risk, they do have some weak spots, especially if inflation and interest rates move higher. But using some smart investing strategies can help mitigate these risks.
Editorial Disclaimer: All investors are advised to conduct their own independent research into investment strategies before making an investment decision. In addition, investors are advised that past investment product performance is no guarantee of future price appreciation. How We Make Money. Editorial disclosure.
James Royal. Written by. Bankrate senior reporter James F. Royal, Ph. Edited by Brian Beers. Edited by. Brian Beers. Brian Beers is the senior wealth editor at Bankrate. He oversees editorial coverage of banking, investing, the economy and all things money. Reviewed by Kenneth Chavis IV. Reviewed by. Kenneth Chavis IV.
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