This is one of the most popular strategies used nowadays. Scalping is ideal for those who are not ready to take big risks. With this approach, you will have to conduct an ongoing analysis of price movements. Scalpers buy and sell currency pairs to shave small profits from each trade.
For this purpose, they rely on the spread and collaborate with brokers to have access to lower spreads. They also need to use special tools to conduct technical analysis and recognise patterns, while taking into account economic events. Most importantly, consider your needs carefully. Hopefully, this article will help you succeed in trading. Feel free to email me at editorial. Experts say that the share of the foreign exchange is bigger than the stock market. Trend-focused approach If you are looking for a simple yet reliable approach, you should try Trend Trading.
Range strategy With this method, you need to consider support and resistance. News-centred approach As said above, Forex is linked to the global economy. Scalping This is one of the most popular strategies used nowadays. By Finance Monthly On Apr 8, Oliver Sullivan. You might also like More from author. Prev Next. Subscribe to Finance Monthly Magazine Today to receive all of the latest news from the world of Finance. Subscribe Now. Welcome, Login to your account.
Forget password? Remember me. No account? Sign Up. Sign in Recover your password. Note: Low and High figures are for the trading day. Reviewed by Nick Cawley on December 16, A forex trading strategy defines a system that a forex trader uses to determine when to buy or sell a currency pair. There are various forex strategies that traders can use including technical analysis or fundamental analysis. A good forex trading strategy allows for a trader to analyse the market and confidently execute trades with sound risk management techniques.
Forex strategies can be divided into a distinct organisational structure which can assist traders in locating the most applicable strategy. The diagram below illustrates how each strategy falls into the overall structure and the relationship between the forex strategies. Forex trading requires putting together multiple factors to formulate a trading strategy that works for you. There are countless strategies that can be followed, however, understanding and being comfortable with the strategy is essential.
Every trader has unique goals and resources, which must be taken into consideration when selecting the suitable strategy. To easily compare the forex strategies on the three criteria, we've laid them out in a bubble chart. Position trading typically is the strategy with the highest risk reward ratio. On the horizontal axis is time investment that represents how much time is required to actively monitor the trades.
The strategy that demands the most in terms of your time resource is scalp trading due to the high frequency of trades being placed on a regular basis. Price action trading involves the study of historical prices to formulate technical trading strategies. Price action can be used as a stand-alone technique or in conjunction with an indicator.
Fundamentals are seldom used; however, it is not unheard of to incorporate economic events as a substantiating factor. There are several other strategies that fall within the price action bracket as outlined above. Price action trading can be utilised over varying time periods long, medium and short-term.
The ability to use multiple time frames for analysis makes price action trading valued by many traders. Within price action, there is range, trend, day, scalping, swing and position trading. These strategies adhere to different forms of trading requirements which will be outlined in detail below. The examples show varying techniques to trade these strategies to show just how diverse trading can be, along with a variety of bespoke options for traders to choose from.
Range trading includes identifying support and resistance points whereby traders will place trades around these key levels. This strategy works well in market without significant volatility and no discernible trend. Technical analysis is the primary tool used with this strategy. There is no set length per trade as range bound strategies can work for any time frame.
Managing risk is an integral part of this method as breakouts can occur. Consequently, a range trader would like to close any current range bound positions. Oscillators are most commonly used as timing tools. Price action is sometimes used in conjunction with oscillators to further validate range bound signals or breakouts. Range trading can result in fruitful risk-reward ratios however, this comes along with lengthy time investment per trade.
Use the pros and cons below to align your goals as a trader and how much resources you have. Trend trading is a simple forex strategy used by many traders of all experience levels. Trend trading attempts to yield positive returns by exploiting a markets directional momentum. Trend trading generally takes place over the medium to long-term time horizon as trends themselves fluctuate in length.
As with price action, multiple time frame analysis can be adopted in trend trading. Entry points are usually designated by an oscillator RSI, CCI etc and exit points are calculated based on a positive risk-reward ratio. Using stop level distances, traders can either equal that distance or exceed it to maintain a positive risk-reward ratio e.
If the stop level was placed 50 pips away, the take profit level wold be set at 50 pips or more away from the entry point. The opposite would be true for a downward trend. When you see a strong trend in the market, trade it in the direction of the trend. Using the CCI as a tool to time entries, notice how each time CCI dipped below highlighted in blue , prices responded with a rally.
Not all trades will work out this way, but because the trend is being followed, each dip caused more buyers to come into the market and push prices higher. In conclusion, identifying a strong trend is important for a fruitful trend trading strategy. Trend trading can be reasonably labour intensive with many variables to consider. The list of pros and cons may assist you in identifying if trend trading is for you. Position trading is a long-term strategy primarily focused on fundamental factors however, technical methods can be used such as Elliot Wave Theory.
Smaller more minor market fluctuations are not considered in this strategy as they do not affect the broader market picture. This strategy can be employed on all markets from stocks to forex. As mentioned above, position trades have a long-term outlook weeks, months or even years!
Understanding how economic factors affect markets or thorough technical predispositions, is essential in forecasting trade ideas. Entry and exit points can be judged using technical analysis as per the other strategies.
The Germany 30 chart above depicts an approximate two year head and shoulders pattern , which aligns with a probable fall below the neckline horizontal red line subsequent to the right-hand shoulder. In this selected example, the downward fall of the Germany 30 played out as planned technically as well as fundamentally.
Brexit negotiations did not help matters as the possibility of the UK leaving the EU would most likely negatively impact the German economy as well. In this case, understanding technical patterns as well as having strong fundamental foundations allowed for combining technical and fundamental analysis to structure a strong trade idea.
Day trading is a strategy designed to trade financial instruments within the same trading day. That is, all positions are closed before market close. This can be a single trade or multiple trades throughout the day. Trade times range from very short-term matter of minutes or short-term hours , as long as the trade is opened and closed within the trading day. Traders in the example below will look to enter positions at the when the price breaks through the 8 period EMA in the direction of the trend blue circle and exit using a risk-reward ratio.
The chart above shows a representative day trading setup using moving averages to identify the trend which is long in this case as the price is above the MA lines red and black. Entry positions are highlighted in blue with stop levels placed at the previous price break. Take profit levels will equate to the stop distance in the direction of the trend. The pros and cons listed below should be considered before pursuing this strategy. Scalping in forex is a common term used to describe the process of taking small profits on a frequent basis.
This is achieved by opening and closing multiple positions throughout the day. The most liquid forex pairs are preferred as spreads are generally tighter, making the short-term nature of the strategy fitting. Scalping entails short-term trades with minimal return, usually operating on smaller time frame charts 30 min — 1min.
Like most technical strategies, identifying the trend is step 1. Many scalpers use indicators such as the moving average to verify the trend. Using these key levels of the trend on longer time frames allows the trader to see the bigger picture. These levels will create support and resistance bands. Scalping within this band can then be attempted on smaller time frames using oscillators such as the RSI. Stops are placed a few pips away to avoid large movements against the trade.
The long-term trend is confirmed by the moving average price above MA. Timing of entry points are featured by the red rectangle in the bias of the trader long. Traders use the same theory to set up their algorithms however, without the manual execution of the trader. With this practical scalp trading example above, use the list of pros and cons below to select an appropriate trading strategy that best suits you. Swing trading is a speculative strategy whereby traders look to take advantage of rang bound as well as trending markets.
Swing trades are considered medium-term as positions are generally held anywhere between a few hours to a few days.
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Identifying a successful Forex trading strategy is one of the most important aspects of currency trading. Learn more with ThinkMarkets | EN. Strategies such as trading specific currency pairs that are at play during the times of day you can trade, looking at longer timeframes, implementing price. The best traders hone their skills through practice and discipline, performing self-analysis to see what drives their trades and their successes.